HIV prevention refers to practices that prevent the spread of HIV infection. While condoms are highly effective at lowering the chance of HIV transmission, as well as other sexually transmitted infections, there are more options to consider as effective prevention methods.
There are now several highly effective ways to prevent the transmission of HIV. In order to be highly effective, these tools need to be used consistently and correctly.
- Condoms: When having sex, condoms are an affordable and effective way for preventing contracting HIV.
- PrEP: This is a daily pill that can stop HIV from establishing itself in the body. Learn more, or ask your doctor.
- Undetectable viral load: If you are HIV+, take treatment and maintain an undetectable viral load, you can have sex knowing that you won’t pass HIV to your sex partner. In short, when HIV is undetectable, it’s untransmittable. (U=U) Learn more.
- Harm reduction: This is the use of various tools and strategies to prevent infection when people inject or use drugs.